By Gordon Williamson
This, the 1st of 2 volumes on Germany's global conflict II U-boats, lines their improvement from the early U-boats of the Kaiser's military, the prohibition on Germany having U-boats following the Armistice in 1918 and the following Treaty of Versailles, the key improvement of U-boats utilizing a 'cover-firm' in Holland, culminating within the formation of the first U-boat Flotilla in 1935 with the fashionable kind II. The operational heritage part comprises examples from the sessions style VIIA, kind VIIB, VIID, VIIE and VIIF earlier than focusing on the mainstay of the U-boat arm, the sort VIIC. Comparisons also are made with the traditional allied submarines, their strengths, weaknesses and U-boat strategies.
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Additional resources for Kriegsmarine U-boats 1939-45 (1) (New Vanguard, Volume 51)
Brandi is a prime example of a U-boat captain whose actual, verified sinkings are rather modest in terms of tonnage sunk, yet who received the highest military decorations. What becomes rapidly apparent about Brandi’s record is his fearless aggression in attacking enemy warships. The substantial British Navy presence in the Mediterranean, the tight control exercised over the Straits of Gibraltar and the relatively shallow nature of these waters, giving the U-boats less chance to manoeuvre, made operating here much more dangerous than in any other waters.
2) Early Type VIIC This is the boat with which the Germans fought the first part of the war at sea. 8 cm deck gun still fitted and a single 2 cm flak gun on the tower platform. This illustration shows Heinrich LehmannWillenbrock’s famed U-96 with its laughing sawfish emblem. com Bridge Layouts 3) The Type VIIA bridge as designed had a flush forward face, the spray deflector half-way up the tower being a later addition to the design. Early towers had a simple flared upper edge to deflect spray and had no armament mounted on the upper platform.
The G7 series left no visible wake, and the G7e(TII) had a range of some 5 kilometres at 30 knots. com Normally, periscopes would be retracted when not actually in use. Here they have been raised to act as flagpoles for the cord from which the boat’s victory pennants are strung. Each pennant has painted on it the tonnage of the vessel sunk. This photo was taken at the end of a very successful cruise for Kapitänleutnant Reinhard Hardegen and U-123, a Type VIIC. 5 kilometres. Detonators The pistols used to detonate the torpedo were a source of great trouble to the U-Bootwaffe, with numerous failures to detonate being recorded in the early part of the war.