By Jeremy Randel Koons
This ebook indicates how a cosmopolitan model of pragmatism, resting on a singular belief of rationality, can justify more than a few very important practices, together with our practices of ethical and epistemic overview, in addition to our perform of creating judgments concerning loose will and ethical accountability.
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Additional resources for Pragmatic Reasons: A Defense of Morality and Epistemology
Similarly, my belief that the dishwasher will wash my dishes is implicit in my actions (placing dirty dishes in the washer and turning it on) even if I do not utter the sentence ‘My dishwasher will wash my dishes’ and do not use the belief in a bit of explicit internal practical reasoning. We can evaluate or believe on particular occasions without saying anything, even in foro interno. Our evaluation or belief is explicit in some cases, and implicit in others. 27 So is it with epistemological evaluation.
54 Peirce writes that it is a tautology that belief aims at truth: “[W]e seek for a belief that we shall think to be true. ”55 So once we realize that our belief that p does not originate in the fact that p, but in facts extraneous to the truth or falsity of p, then doubt arises. And Peirce claims that even “in the most priestridden states” some individuals will make just this realization, if the method of authority is used for the ﬁxation of belief, leading (as Wiggins notes) to the spread of doubt and the destruction of the method of authority.
Would we be better off then? I have argued that we would not be better off if we did not practice epistemology; and I will assume that we are better off practicing morality than not. Thus, we ought to continue practicing morality and epistemology. There is an important lesson to be gleaned from all of this. ). It now seems clear to me, however, that no such criterion can be suggested which will apply to all cases. We cannot say a priori what the correct connection is between acceptable sorts of discourse and the world.