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By Ernest Gellner

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The ability to see is something that qne has to learn, as painters like Oskar . Kokoschka, who set up a "School of Seeing," know. In the present case, the compared domains functioned as schools of seeing, each respectively, for the analyst who traveled between them. But not only can analysts travel between settings, they also move within them. Doing so opens a window on the contradictions, discrepancies, variations, and differences that divide settings. Mobility allowed us to trace the processes by which the social world was systematically teased apart-by interests at certain 23 Introduction stages, but also by bonds of trust (which exclude those not trusted) and other features-and the processes by which this same world was joined together and aggregated.

Experiments become relatively closed, total units, and laboratories become total institutions. Consider the- reconfiguration this implies of the common, focused, interlinked lifeworld that was the context of benchwork laboratories. As indicated before, experiments in HEP involve huge collaborations; up to 500 physicists from physics institutes all over the world participate in each of the 4 currently running LEP experiments at CERN. Sometimes all physics institutes in a country join one experiment.

Several other areas. Transcription is the copying of a gene into RNA; the first step in 19 Introduction protein synthesis, it is reckoned one of the most interesting and important stages in gene regulation. The core objective of much of this research is to unravel how an embryo uses its genetic information to turn itself into an adult animal. How genes control this developmental process (and are controlled by it) has implications not only for the exploration of cell differentiation but also for the understanding of many dis~ases, such as cancer.

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