By Werner Vogel, Henry Kalb
This crucial contribution to the difficulty of renewable power describes the technical and low-priced specifications of industrially produced sun thermal strength crops, from the different sorts of energy crops to the advance wishes and an incredible improvement software. The authors - well known and skilled specialists within the box - convey that sunlight thermal strength crops, as a result of their uncomplicated know-how, are effortless to construct with excessive construction charges and for this reason can play a considerable position within the quick substitution of fossil fuels. at the foundation of sunlight thermal strength (using lengthy distance transmission) and coal from substituted coal crops, a destiny strength process is defined delivering gasoline and liquid fuels. this is often the 1st dialogue of a whole suggestion, of a crash-strategy, for the partial alternative of oil and traditional fuel.
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This crucial contribution to the problem of renewable power describes the technical and inexpensive requisites of heavily produced sun thermal energy crops, from the differing kinds of energy vegetation to the improvement wishes and an incredible improvement software. The authors - well known and skilled specialists within the box - exhibit that sunlight thermal energy crops, as a result of their basic expertise, are effortless to construct with excessive creation premiums and consequently can play a considerable position within the swift substitution of fossil fuels.
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Extra info for Large-Scale Solar Thermal Power: Technologies, Costs and Development
This type of power plant uses molten salts as heat-transfer medium (molten-salt technology). The solar radiation that is reﬂected from a large number of movable mirror units (heliostats) is concentrated onto a so-called receiver, which is located at the top of a tower, and in which the molten salt is heated (solar tower plant). A portion of the hot salt is used immediately for steam generation for the turbine, while the larger portion is stored in a tank for nighttime operation. Thanks to this generously dimensioned heat storage system, the power plant can generate electrical energy around the clock, as long as the sun shines during the daylight hours.
The cost of coal gasiﬁcation (H2 production); according to Stiegel and Ramezan (2006), but here as a real cost calculation and demonstration of the macroeconomic costs (without taxes, insurance. ). Operating and maintenance costs of coal gasiﬁcation. Electric power generated (worldwide) in the year 2004, and predictions up to 2030 from (EIA – International Energy Outlook, 2007), along with our assumptions regarding possible future coal-ﬁred power generation. Quantities of gas which could be produced from substitutable coal and substitutable gas from power plants (at today’s power consumption).
2007a, Table 3-11). Technical data on which the “SunLab long-term” case is based (S&L, 2003, p. 4-3). Elements that contribute to the annual efﬁciency in the “SunLab long-term” case (S&L, 2003, p. 4-5). Investment costs (rounded values) for parabolic-trough power plants. Investment costs for the complete solar power system. Energy cost from the solar power system using parabolic-trough plants. The speciﬁc investment costs for updraft power plants, referred to an output power of 1000 MW, corresponding to 10 plants of 100 MW each.