Download Epistemology: The Big Questions by Linda Mart?n Alcoff PDF

By Linda Mart?n Alcoff

In addition to together with the vintage papers from the historical past of epistemology, this particular, wide-ranging anthology offers crucial insurance of key modern demanding situations to that culture.

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We have established this point in our discussion of knowledge, and we have seen that it is not vitiated by the fact that in the case of a priori statements there may be no other ground for accepting them than that one sees them to be true. Philosophers have looked to a priori statements for security because they have assumed that inasmuch as these statements may themselves be certain, in the sense of being necessary, they can be certainly known. As we have seen, it may even be maintained that only what is certainly true can be certainly known.

But even when it clearly does arise, it may not find an answer. Suppose that someone were consistently successful in predicting events of a certain kind, events, let us say, which are not ordinarily thought to be predictable, like the results of a lottery. If his run of successes were sufficiently impressive, we might very well come to say that he knew which number would win, even though he did not reach this conclusion by any rational method, or indeed by any method at all. We might say that he knew it by intuition, but this would be to assert no more than that he did know it but that we could not say how.

It admits no criterion whose satisfaction assures that we could not be wrong. But it does offer a consolation: although our best efforts may fail, any failure can be regarded as a temporary setback. So a failure, should it occur, amounts not to a decisive defeat but to a challenge to do better next time. Pure Procedural Epistemology Pure procedures do not purport to disclose what is already the case. They do not claim to generate correspondence to a mind-independent reality or to realize antecedently accepted values.

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