By John Turri
Designed to accompany Epistemology: An Anthology or stand on my own as a concise primer, this can be a uncomplicated and available advent to modern epistemology for these learning the subject for the 1st time.
- A step by step advent to modern epistemology, with assurance of skepticism, epistemic justification, epistemic closure, advantage epistemology, naturalized epistemology, and more
- Explains the most arguments of the main influential courses from the final 50 years
- Contextualizes key options and subject matters, rather than treating them in isolation
- undemanding and available for these learning the subject for the 1st time
- Designed to accompany the second one version of Epistemology: An Anthology (Wiley Blackwell, 2008), yet stands by itself as a concise advent to the foremost rules and arguments in epistemology
Read or Download Epistemology: A Guide PDF
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Extra resources for Epistemology: A Guide
BonJour rejects the externalist response because, he says, it merely evades the regress problem rather than solving it. The “traditional notion” of knowledge requires you to actually have the reasons that enable knowledge. The reasons must be available from within your first-person perspective on the situation. That’s because knowledge is “essentially the product of reflective, critical, and rational inquiry,” and such inquiry obviously requires you to be aware of the reasons. How could you responsibly take into account factors which you’re completely unaware of?
Sellars, like Chisholm, uses explicit arguments to model the structure of knowledge. Suppose that I have inferential knowledge of some claim P. Something like the following argument might be offered to justify my belief in P. 1. I know that Q. 2. So Q is true. 1 This glosses over potentially important subtleties in Sellars’s formidably complex overall views about nature of thought and its relation to language use. For a helpful introduction to these complexities, consult Willem A. deVries’s Wilfrid Sellars (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005).
And if Q is true, then P must be too. 4. So I know that P. In order for my knowledge to “transmit” from Q to P, I must, of course, know Q (a fact reflected in line 1 of the argument). My knowledge of Q might in turn be inferential because transmitted from my knowledge of R, after the same pattern. And this in turn might be inferential because transmitted from my knowledge of S. And so on. But, as Chisholm pointed out and Sellars concedes, it’s extremely tempting to think that not all knowledge can be inferential in this way.