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Contemporary epistemology has mirrored a transforming into curiosity in concerns concerning the worth of data and the values informing epistemic appraisal. Is wisdom extra helpful that basically precise trust or perhaps justified actual trust? Is fact the valuable worth informing epistemic appraisal or do different values input the image? Epistemic worth is a set of formerly unpublished articles on such concerns by way of prime philosophers within the box. it is going to stimulate dialogue of the character of data and of instructions that will be taken by way of the speculation of data. The members are Jason Baehr, Michael Brady, Berit Brogaard, Michael DePaul, Pascal Engel, Catherine Elgin, Alvin Goldman, John Greco, Stephen Grimm, Ward Jones, Martin Kusch, Jonathan Kvanvig, Michael Lynch, Erik Olsson, Wayne Riggs and Matthew Weiner.

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Most generalizations we subscribe to are arguably of a ‘typical’ rather than an ‘absolute’ kind. Money is a valuable thing to have, yet rich people are sometimes killed because of their wealth; so for them money was actually something bad. Birds fly, yet birds with feathers covered in oil don’t; and so on. The generalizations we make in our daily lives are not universal generalizations in the sense of predicate logic but elastic generic claims that can survive a limited number of counter-instances.

Kvanvig commits himself to (K2) in the course of his chocolate analogy at 2003: 478. Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge 25 Unfortunately for Kvanvig, however, premise (K2) is false. While it is plausible that being produced by a process that normally produces true beliefs implies being likely to be true, the implication does not go in the other direction. Being likely to be true does not imply the existence of a reliable process that produced the belief in question. John may have acquired his belief that he will contract lung cancer from reading tea leaves, an unreliable process, and yet if John is a heavy smoker, his belief may well be likely to be true.

Ward Jones (1997) raises the value objection as follows: In short, given the reliabilist’s framework, there is no reason why we should care what the method was which brought about a true belief, as long as it is true. We value the better method, because we value truth, but that does not tell us why we value the true beliefs brought about by that method over true beliefs brought about by other less reliable ones. (1997: 426) Richard Swinburne (1999) makes essentially the same point: Now clearly it is a good thing that our beliefs satisfy the reliabilist requirement, for the fact that they do means that .

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