By Clinton Heylin
Revealing the proof instead of the myths at the back of Orson Welles' Hollywood profession, this groundbreaking heritage analyzes the occupation of 1 of the main recognized American filmmakers. Exploring why Welles' motion pictures by no means matched his younger masterpiece Citizen Kane, this research delves into the enemies that hounded him, his unwaning religion in his viewers, and the brilliance of his films—before they have been butchered by means of the studios.
Based on capturing scripts, schedules, inner memos, interviews, articles, lectures, and private correspondence, this paintings creates a concrete photo of his specialist and inventive struggles and successes.
This heartbreaking story brings to lifestyles the clever, perceptive, and passionate guy who, for all his failings as somebody, was once completely uncompromising in his artwork.
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Extra resources for Despite the System: Orson Welles Versus the Hollywood Studios
It was all part of an elaborate pretense that Welles was obliged to maintain to give a sense of the camera-as-Marlow passing from one room into another. It was an ingenious solution, but horrifically time-consuming. And there were over fifty such feather wipes in the full script. To what extent the budget department factored these fifty feather wipes into their eventual costs has not been documented, 01 (001-038) chapter 01 34 11/2/04 5:39 PM Page 34 ACT ONE: FAITH but when they finally delivered an estimated cost for the movie, it was $1,057,761.
Certainly the studio staff was unused to the kind of demands this whippersnapper of a workaholic made on them. Starting in midAugust, there was a constant stream of requests for films to obtain for screening, some of which were simply intended to provide Welles with the requisite perspective. Along with the rushes for the secondmost expensive film RKO had made to date, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, these included two of the films Welles later included in his top ten, Jean Renoir’s Le Grand Illusion and John Ford’s Stagecoach.
Welles was immediately enamored of the idea. Hearst was an ideal choice. He was known to both Mankiewicz and—through his late father, his guardian Dr. Bernstein, and drama critic Ashton Stevens—to Welles; he was a larger-than-life figure; and he represented a man whose isolationist stance was the antithesis of all that Welles most fervently believed. He had also enjoyed his share of scandals, including his peculiar marital arrangements, living with a long-term mistress but never divorcing his Catholic wife; an assassination attempt on President McKinley that many blamed on his newspaper editorials; and a particularly notorious, 02 (039-074) chapter 02 11/2/04 5:41 PM Page 45 THE WELLESIAN MOSAIC 45 unsolved death that occurred on his private yacht in 1927.