Download Cultures without Culturalism: The Making of Scientific by Karine Chemla, Evelyn Fox Keller PDF

By Karine Chemla, Evelyn Fox Keller

Cultural debts of clinical rules and practices have more and more end up welcomed as a corrective to previous—and nonetheless greatly held—theories of medical wisdom and practices as common. The editors warning, despite the fact that, opposed to the temptation to overgeneralize the paintings of tradition, and to lapse right into a form of essentialism that flattens the diversity and diversity of medical paintings. The booklet refers to this tendency as culturalism. The individuals to the amount version a brand new direction the place historicized and cultural debts of clinical perform continue their specificity and complexity with out falling into the traps of culturalism. They research, between different concerns, the potential for utilizing notions of tradition to review habit in monetary markets; the ideology, association, and perform of earthquake tracking and prediction in the course of China's Cultural Revolution; the historical past of quadratic equations in China; and the way learning the "glass ceiling" and employment discrimination turned accredited within the social sciences. Demonstrating the necessity to comprehend the paintings of tradition as a fluid and dynamic technique that without delay either shapes and is formed by means of medical perform, Cultures with no Culturalism makes an immense intervention in technological know-how studies.

individuals. Bruno Belhoste, Karine Chemla, Caroline Ehrhardt, Fa-ti Fan, Evelyn Fox Keller, Kenji Ito, Guillaume Lachenal, Donald MacKenzie, Mary Morgan, Nancy Nersessian, David Rabouin, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Claude Rosental, Koen Vermeir

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Stark. 2012. ” Economy and Society 41: 335–359. , and M. Scholes. 1973. ” Journal of Political Economy 81: 637–654. , R. B. Gregory-Allen, and H. A. Shawky. 2010. ” Social Science Research Network. Accessed November 22, 2010. com/abstract=1458219. Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. 2011. The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Garfinkel, H. 1967. Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Green, R. , and S. M. Wachter. 2005. ” Journal of Economic Perspectives 19(4): 93–114.

In this chapter, I clarify and criticize some of these conceptions and propose alternatives. By “culturalism” I refer to perspectives that view scientific cultures and practices in terms of the essential cultures of the country or region in question and that seek to understand their developments through macroscopic considerations of such cultures. Criticizing these, I argue that national culture is not a useful category for discussing scientific practices. Not only is the notion of national culture too coarse to capture the heterogeneity in scientific cultures, but also the concept of national boundaries falls short of constructing meaningful cultural boundaries.

Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission. 2011. The Financial Crisis Inquiry Report. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Garfinkel, H. 1967. Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Green, R. , and S. M. Wachter. 2005. ” Journal of Economic Perspectives 19(4): 93–114. , and D. MacKenzie. 2007. ” Sociological Review 55: 57–80. Ho, K. 2009. Liquidated: An Ethnography of Wall Street. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Kalthoff, H. 2006. ” In Towards a Cognitive Mode in Global Finance, ed.

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