By Steve V. Hatch
Get the source no technician will be with no! Now in its eighth version, automated Engine Controls maintains the culture of its predecessors: robust, stable insurance of either family and import engine regulate structures, which gives readers with the foundational wisdom had to diagnose and service any digital process on any motor vehicle. completely up-to-date to provide perception into the newest technological advances came across on modern roads and highways, the eighth version examines such state of the art subject matters as hybrid and gasoline mobile cars, GM's 42-volt process, hexadecimal conversion and OBD II, multiplexing, and extra. This up-to-date variation additionally comprises new content material that might support electric recommendations come alive and all-new insurance of good judgment gates, taking the magic and secret out of the pc. For technicians who're attracted to expanding their diagnostic effectiveness on modern-day motor vehicle digital structures, this ebook is an absolute "must"!
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Extra info for Computerized Engine Controls, 8th Edition
This makes it easy enough to calculate the resistance total for any parallel circuit, thereby eliminating the need for a calculator. Series–Parallel Circuits. Some circuits have characteristics of a series as well as those of a parallel circuit. There are two basic types of series–parallel circuits. The most common is a parallel circuit with at least one resistance unit in series with all branches (Figure 1–25). All of the current flowing through the circuit in Figure 1–25 must pass through the indicator light before it divides to go through the two heating elements, which are in parallel with each other.
The amount of current that a diode (or any other type of semiconductor with one or more PN junctions) can safely handle is determined by such things as its physical size, the type of semiconductor and doping material used, its heat dissipating ability, and the surrounding temperature. If the circuit through which forward bias voltage is applied does not have enough resistance to limit current flow to what the semiconductor can tolerate, it will overheat and the junction will be permanently damaged (open or shorted).
This means that the expected operating temperature range of a semiconductor device must be considered when the circuit is being designed, and that when in operation, the operating temperature must be kept within that temperature limit. If the operating temperature goes higher, unless some kind of compensating resistance is used, current values will go up, and the semiconductor might be damaged. Transistor Symbols and Transistor Operation In electrical schematics, transistors are represented by symbols.