By Abdi Rafiee
Colloquial Persian: the entire direction for Beginners has been conscientiously constructed by means of an skilled instructor to supply a step by step path to Persian because it is written and spoken this present day.
Combining a transparent, functional and available variety with a methodical and thorough remedy of the language, it equips freshmen with the basic talents had to converse hopefully and successfully in Persian in a extensive variety of events. No earlier wisdom of the language is needed.
Colloquial Persian is outstanding; every one unit provides a wealth of grammatical issues which are strengthened with a variety of routines for normal perform. a whole solution key, a grammar precis, bilingual glossaries and English translations of dialogues are available on the again in addition to precious vocabulary lists all through.
Key gains include:
- A transparent, undemanding structure designed to assist freshmen steadily building up their talking, listening, examining and writing talents
- Jargon-free, succinct and obviously established reasons of grammar
- An vast variety of targeted and dynamic supportive workouts
- Realistic and enjoyable dialogues protecting a extensive number of narrative events
- Helpful cultural issues explaining the customs and lines of lifestyles in Iran
- An evaluation of the sounds of Persian..
Balanced, entire and worthwhile, Colloquial Persian is an quintessential source either for self reliant newcomers and scholars taking classes in Persian.
Audio fabric to accompany the path is obtainable to obtain loose in MP3 structure from www.routledge.com/cw/colloquials. Recorded by means of local audio system, the audio fabric positive factors the dialogues and texts from the booklet and may support advance your listening and pronunciation abilities.
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Additional info for Colloquial Persian
S: Excellent! It was my husband’s cooking/cuisine! P: Of course, without a doubt! Language and culture notes Past simple tense How to say: ‘I went’ Here is the formula: Past stem of verb + personal ending (see pp. 13ff) All Persian verbs (infinitives) end with the sounds -an. To get the past stem of a verb, we omit these two sounds. The verb ‘to go’ is raftan. Its past stem is raft. e. ) For the negative, we add the (stressed) prefix na-: If the verb begins with a vowel, the negative prefix is slightly modified as: nay-: Days of the week (Audio1; 34) Examples: ruz day (a) (ruz-e) jom`e (on) Friday (one-off event: past or future) (b) jom`ehā (on) Fridays (regular events) (c) ruzhā-ye jom`e on Fridays (lit (on the) days of Friday) (d) ŝab-e jom`e Thursday evening/night (lit eve of Friday) (one-off event: past or future) (e) ŝabhā-ye jom`e Thursday evenings/nights (lit eves of Friday) (regular events) Note: (d) and (e) are the forms commonly used in Iran.
To write the word dād ‘she/he gave’, we need: To write the word āzād ‘free’, we need: To write the word dud ‘smoke’, we need: To write the word did ‘he/she saw’, we need: Note: The medial shape of vowel i uses letter ye which is a joinable letter. This is why and are connected. To write the word dad ‘beast’, we need: To write the word reĝe ‘parade’, we need: To write the word roz ‘rose’ (flower), we need: To write the word dāiv ‘diving board’, we need: To write the word dei (the tenth month in the Iranian calendar), we need: To write the word dou ‘running’, we need: The short vowel symbols which are placed above or below the line are normally dropped.
Depending on the spelling of the word, it is placed over one of these letters (carriers): Examples: In the final position, the hamze sign may occur on its own: The glottal stop is often replaced by a softer sound, or omitted altogether, when it occurs in the middle or at the end of a word – particularly in casual speech. Consider the word ba’d ‘then’, which is pronounced ba:d in casual speech. To compensate for the loss of the glottal stop, the preceding vowel a is prolonged. ) It is this increased length of the vowel that distinguishes this word from: bad ‘bad’.