By John Gibbons
Code-mixing is a quick constructing niche for these curious about bilingualism, sociolinguistics and utilized linguistics. simply because the language phenomena produced firstly via touch among teams who didn't proportion a language - pidginization and creolization - have proved to be revealing within the examine of moment language improvement and language universals, so additionally the exam of the blending of 2 or extra languages inside bilingual groups is starting to throw mild on a number of vital matters. during this e-book John Gibbons makes use of a number of diversified methods to code-mixing and code selection, evaluates them and makes an attempt to combine them in a composite mode of code selection. The examine is found within the attention-grabbing bilingual neighborhood of Hong Kong.
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Extra resources for Code Mixing and Code Choice: A Hong Kong Case Study (Multilingual Matters)
In addition there were some English forms which do not occur in Cantonese that were nonetheless consistently not modified. This type of patterning is referred to as Systematic Retention. A Note on Cantonese Phonology 1 Cantonese is normally taken to consist of morphemes with the underlying structure CVC. The initial C (consonant or consonant cluster) may consist of one of the following: < previous page page_44 next page > < previous page next page > page_45 Page 45 / p p' t t' k k' ts ts' f h s I m n w k'w kw / (the apostrophe represents aspiration).
Hymes (1967) "Models of the Interaction of Language and social setting" and Hymes (1977), nor in Fishman's (1965) and ( 1971b) models, all of which look at variables involved in code choice. Yet it is obvious that the language competences of the participants can affect code choice: in this study university students do not speak to illiterates in English or mixed languages, because they will not understand them. Hymes (personal communication) writes that he considers it correct to consider the language competences of participants as a factor and that he would accommodate that factor in his category "what is done".
The only case where English was not the language used with a Westerner was in a French class, which was conducted basically in French, with elements (presumably translations) in English and Cantonese. Since this is such a specialized use of language, and is essentially metalinguistic, it has not been recorded on the tree. In Chapter 1 it was noted that census figures reveal that Chinese dialects other than Mandarin are losing ground steadily to Cantonese. ) < previous page page_26 next page > < previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 very low number of exchanges (5) in the "non-Cantonese speaking Chinese" category, despite the fact that there were 2 speakers of such dialects, provides supportive evidence.