By Ann Marie B. Bahr
* available and exact surveys of mainstream religions * All points - together with roots and founding, basic bellefs, and cultural actions, the ways that the faiths are perceived via the remainder of the area, and the adventure of transforming into up as a member of the faith - are tested * first-class introductions to the world's significant faiths An ancient survey of the world's biggest religion.
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Additional info for Christianity (Religions of the World) (2004)
By the end of that century, Christianity had become the official religion of the empire. Beginning around 450, Nestorian Christians evangelized in the Persian Empire. Nestorian Christians are neither Orthodox nor Catholic. They differ from other Christians in their belief that Jesus had two separate natures—one human and one divine—rather than one nature that combined both elements. Although they make up a very tiny sect of Christianity today, Nestorians managed to plant their faith in Iran, Iraq, China, India, and Afghanistan.
The Christian Church rejected Marcion’s position, and included all thirty-nine books of the Jewish Bible in the Christian Bible. Christians, however, interpret these books in a different manner from Jews. , Peter’s Pentecost speech in Acts 2, and the beginning of the Gospel of Matthew, where five Hebrew Bible verses are applied to Jesus: 1:23, 2:6, 2:15, 2:18, and 2:23). This made it necessary to read the Scriptures in a nonliteral sense, for no section of the Hebrew Bible speaks about Jesus directly.
In the meantime, Christianity was spreading north from the Mediterranean area. By the late thirteenth century, all of Europe, including Russia, was Christian. q 1/3/04 3:05 AM Page 17 Introduction north as Scandinavia and as far east as Poland and Hungary were converted to the Western form of Christianity, centered in Rome. Their type of Christianity would eventually become the Roman Catholic Church. The Bulgarians, Ukrainians, Serbs, and Russians, however, owed their style of worship to Constantinople rather than Rome.