By Tony Bryan
In the course of international struggle II, few teams in the Royal army fought a more durable, extra extreme battle than the boys of Coastal Forces. Their activity used to be to function the Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs), Motor Launches (MLs) and Motor Gun Boats (MGBs) that secure coastal convoys, attacked enemy ones, and played a myriad of tasks, which come with the shedding of brokers and commandos on a opposed shore, raids on enemy ports, and near-suicidal assaults on better enemy warships. whereas the MTBs have been the "bombers", offering their payload of excessive explosive torpedoes, the workforce of the MGBs used their desktop weapons and small-calibre weapons to sink, burn or ruin their enemy opposite numbers. therefore they observed their frail, glossy craft because the "Spitfire of the Seas".
Motor Gun Boats have been just like Motor Torpedo Boats, simply their decks have been full of as many weapons as they can hold - and to guy those guns, they required a bigger workforce. through the early years of the battle, they have been used to counter the probability posed by way of German E-Boats within the English Channel, yet by way of 1941 they have been in use offensively, accomplishing sweeps alongside the enemy coast looking for prey. through 1942 British MGBs have been obvious within the Mediterranean, interdicting Axis offer routes to North Africa, and later aiding the Allied invasion forces as they landed in Sicily, Italy and the South of France.
The majority of those small wood craft have been inbuilt Britain via the British strength Boat corporation or Fairmile Marine. They got here in various sizes and styles, yet in overdue 1942 the Fairmile "D" MGB made its visual appeal - a ship which might come to dominate coastal operations over the past years of the warfare. referred to as "Dog Boats" by means of their workforce, they have been quickly, robust and flexible. through the tip of the battle, over two hundred of those small boats have been outfitted they usually represented the top of wartime British motor boat design.
This New forefront name tells the tale of those fragile yet lethal little warships.
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In the course of global warfare II, few teams in the Royal military fought a tougher, extra excessive conflict than the lads of Coastal Forces. Their activity used to be to function the Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs), Motor Launches (MLs) and Motor Gun Boats (MGBs) that safe coastal convoys, attacked enemy ones, and played a myriad of tasks, which come with the losing of brokers and commandos on a antagonistic shore, raids on enemy ports, and near-suicidal assaults on higher enemy warships.
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Extra resources for British Motor Gun Boat 1939-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 166)
Smoke apparatus 16. Depth charge (1 of 4) 17. Petty officers' mess 18. Twin rudders 19. PO's heads (stoker's heads on port side) 20. Propellers (4) 21. After fuel tanks (6) 22. Coachdeck 23. Engine room 24. Carley float (1 of 2) 25. Forward fuel tanks (6) and generator (amidships) 26. 20mm Oerlikon 27. Officer's heads and washroom (wardroom on port side) 28. Wireless and radar room 29. Commanding officer's cabin (galley on port side) 30. Forward messdeck 31. Crew's heads 32. Forepeak (store) A supercharged Packard engine is lowered back into the engine room of a 'Dog Boat', after removal, repair and servicing.
Unlike their predecessors, they were also built exclusively for Royal Navy service. They were armed with a powerful torpedo armament, so technically they were MGB/MTBs. However, for operational purposes they retained their M G B nomenclature. 303in Lewis MGs on pedestals in bow; 12 depth charges Complement: 2 officers, 14 ratings Note: When these vessels were rearmed as minesweepers, in early 1942, the 3-pdr was moved to the bow, one twin 20mm Oerlikon was mounted aft and one single 20mm Oerlikon was mounted amidships, after the funnel was removed to make way for this extra armament amidships.
The crew of the Fairmile D boat MGB-658, photographed in Malta in March 1945. The original complement of a 'Dog Boat' was two officers and 12 ratings, but due to extra weaponry this number had doubled by the end of the war. M G B a n d S G B Losses MGB-12 (70ft BPB) - Sunk by mine off Milford Haven, 3 February 1941 MGB-17 (70ft BPB) - Sunk by mine off Normandy beaches, 11 June 1944 MGB-18 (70ft BPB) - Sunk during surface action off Terschelling, Holland, 30 September 1942 MGB-19 (70ft BPB) - Destroyed by bombing on slipway, Portsmouth, 6 November 1942 MGB-62 (70ft BPB) - Sunk in collision, North Sea, 9 August 1941 MGB-64 (70ft BPB) - Foundered during storm in English Channel, 8 August 1943 MGB-76 (71ft 9in BPB) - Sunk during surface action, North Sea, 6 October 1942 MGB-78 (71ft 9in BPB) - Beached and destroyed during surface action, Dutch coast, 3 October 1942 MGB-79 (71ft 9in BPB) - Sunk during surface action off Hook of Holland, 28 February 1943 MGB-90 (70ft Elco) - Destroyed by fire, Portland Harbour, 6 July 1941 MGB-92 (70ft Elco) - Destroyed by fire, Portland Harbour, 6 July 1941 MGB-98 (French MGB) - Destroyed during air raid, Gosport, June 1941 MGB-99 (French MGB) - Constructive loss, April 1945 43 MGB-109 (71ft 9in BPB) - Badly damaged by mine, 7 February 1943; decommissioned two weeks later M G B - 1 1 0 (71ft 9in BPB) - Sunk during surface action off Dunkirk, 29 May 1943 MGB-313 (Fairmile C) - Sunk by mine off Normandy beaches, 16 August 1944 MGB-314 (Fairmile C) - Badly damaged and scuttled off St Nazaire, 28 March 1942 MGB-326 (Fairmile C) - Sunk by mine off Normandy beaches, 28 June 1944 MGB-328 (Fairmile C) - Sunk during attack on enemy convoy, Dover Straits, 21 July 1942 MGB-335 (Fairmile C) - Badly damaged and scuttled during surface action in North Sea, 11 September 1942 MGB-501 (Camper &c Nicholson experimental) - Destroyed by accidental explosion off Land's End, 27 July 1942 MGB-601 (Fairmile D) - Sunk during surface action, Dover Straits, 24 July 1942 MGB-622 (Fairmile D) - Sunk during surface action off Terschelling, Holland, 10 March 1943 MGB-631 (Fairmile D) - Transferred to Royal Norwegian Navy, August 1942.