By Angus Konstam
The belief of a heavy cruiser emerged within the aftermath of the 1st international struggle, and was once heavily associated with the boundaries set by means of the inter-war Washington Treaty on naval armament. The pre-Great conflict thought of armoured cruisers were deserted, yet of their stead the Admiralty observed a spot for strong cruisers, in a position to patrol the ocean lanes of the British Empire, and which have been well-enough armed that they can spoil enemy trade cruisers of the sort utilized by the Germans within the final war.
The outcome was once a gaggle of British warships that have been jointly often called the "Washington Treaty Cruisers", which did every thing the Admiralty sought after, yet which equipped in the limits imposed through the Washington Treaty - an armament of 8-inch weapons, and a displacement of lower than 10,000 plenty. those amazing cruisers have been high-sided, spacious and stately - ideal peacetime ambassadors for British power.
In battle additionally they packed a substantial punch. whereas all of them carried strong 8-inch weapons, they have been additionally given a good armoured belt, making them immune to any international cruisers then in carrier. through the moment global warfare the Royal Navy's 13 heavy cruisers observed provider in each theatre of conflict, no matter if playing significant sea battles within the Mediterranean, providing the coup de grace to the Bismarck within the North Atlantic, or enduring the undesirable awareness of kamikaze pilots within the Pacific.
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Additional resources for British Heavy Cruisers 1939-45 (New Vanguard, Volume 190)
Between September and December 1939 she sank eight British merchantmen in the South Atlantic and one in the Indian Ocean. Of the eight Allied hunting groups sent to find her, three were French and six were British. These six British hunting groups included no fewer than eight British heavy cruisers – Berwick, Cornwall, Cumberland, Dorsetshire, Exeter, Shropshire, Sussex and York. However, it was Exeter that finally caught up with her in the River Plate on 13 December, accompanied by the light cruisers Ajax and Achilles.
Turbine room 2 22. Boiler room 23. Ventilators 24. Traversing ring 1 25. Magazine 26. Shell room 27. Handling room 28. Barbette 29. Working chamber 30. com HMS Berwick in Scapa Flow, adding her weight to the flak barrage during an air defence exercise at the fleet anchorage in early 1942. The previous year she had been painted in a ‘Mountbatten Pink’ camouflage scheme. through revolving scuttles, and placed on trays fitted to the shell hoist. Each gun had its own hoist, and each hoist had two cages, which allowed one to be loading in the handling room while the other was being used in the turret to load the guns.
A’ turret (2 x 8in. guns) 2. ‘B’ turret 3. Upper bridge (open) 4. Gunnery control tower 5. Foremast 6. Twin 4in. gun (1 of 4) 7. Quad 2-pdr pom-pom (1 of 2) 8. Cranes (port and starboard) 9. Whaler 10. Ship’s motor boats 11. Wireless aerials 12. 36in. searchlights 13. Secondary gun director 14. Quad-mounted machine guns 15. Mainmast 16. Catapult 17. Hangar for Walrus ﬂoatplane 18. ‘X’ turret 3 19. ‘Y’ turret 20. Quarterdeck 21. Turbine room 2 22. Boiler room 23. Ventilators 24. Traversing ring 1 25.