By Carole H. Dagher
Lebanon is greater than a rustic, it's a message': those phrases of Pope John Paul II illustrate Lebanon's post-war recreation to maintain its age-old Christian-Muslim coexistence and power-sharing formulation and to invalidate Samuel Huntington's assumption of a 'Clash of Civilizations.' Lebanon's present problem is usually the problem of an entire zone, the center East, the place the destiny of minorities, together with jap Christians, unearths the clients of democracy, pluralism and political participation. Carole H. Dagher, a journalist for Lebanese media in addition to an instructional, offers an insightful account on how Christian and Muslim groups emerged from the 16 year-old Lebanese conflict, what their issues of friction and their universal grounds are, and what the customers of Lebanon's communal illustration process and pluralistic society are. She describes the imperative position performed by means of the Holy See and John Paul II in bridging the space among Christians and Muslims in Lebanon, and analyzes the influence different nations similar to Syria, Iran and Saudi Arabia have had at the energy online game and, conversely, the impression of Christian-Muslim interplay at the way forward for the Arab-Israeli peace method. deliver Down the partitions attracts an important classes from the hot historical past of Christian-Muslim kin in Lebanon.
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Additional info for Bring Down the Walls: Lebanon’s Postwar Challenge
The Maronites, who have been more “Westernized” than the others because of their allegiance as a church to the Roman Pontiff and their special affinity with France, are not excluded from the ambiguous perception and even the uneasiness that the West developed toward the Christians of the Orient. Christian ArabAmericans would attest to that mixture of surprise and discomfort expressed by the average American whenever they identify themselves as such. One logical explanation is that Eastern Christians do not fit the preconceived, clear-cut notion of the dividing line between the Western world and the Islamic world.
But the ideal is to have the faqih become the wali. The concept is known as wilayat al-faqih. It was achieved under Khomeini. The Iranian revolution draws from the historical claim of the clergy to be part of the state, and the “reconciliation” between the political body and the religious one was achieved by the Iranian revolution. A far cry from the Western concept of separation of state and church! At first, they took pride and satisfaction in their recently (mid-eighties) acquired notoriety.
And were they to bear all alone the brunt of that daunting task? Chapter 2 Muslim Self-Assertion Ú itting on the shoulders of the Galilee, and overlooking Palestine, Jabal ‘Amel spreads its cliffs and rugged terrain in South Lebanon, casting its spiritual bearing as well as its rebellion-drenched history on Shi‘a conscience. ”1 A symbol of opposition to the French mandate, it has also been a breeding ground of reformist ulema and prominent scholars who contributed to the development of Shi‘a theology (al-fiqh) in Najaf (Iraq)—once the center of Shi‘a scholarship—and in Qom (Iran), ever since the establishment of the first Shi‘a regime in Iran in the sixteenth century with the Safavid dynasty.