Download Avatars at work and play : collaboration and interaction in by Ralph Schroeder, Ann-Sofie Axelsson PDF

By Ralph Schroeder, Ann-Sofie Axelsson

Avatars at paintings and Play brings jointly contributions from top social scientists and desktop scientists who've performed learn on digital environments used for collaboration and on-line gaming. They current a well-rounded and cutting-edge evaluate of present purposes of multi-user digital environments, starting from hugely immersive digital truth structures to internet-based digital environments on own desktops. the amount is a follow-up to a prior essay assortment, ‘The Social lifetime of Avatars’, which explored basic concerns during this box. This assortment is going extra, interpreting makes use of of shared digital environments in useful settings corresponding to medical collaboration, dispensed conferences, development versions jointly, and others. It additionally covers on-line gaming in digital environments, which has attracted thousands of clients and provides a chance for learning a myriad of social matters. protecting either ‘work’ and ‘play’, the quantity brings jointly concerns universal to the 2 parts, including:
What type of avatar visual appeal is acceptable for other kinds of interplay? How most sensible to foster collaboration and advertise usable shared digital areas? What forms of actions paintings good in numerous kinds of digital environments and structures?

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Additional resources for Avatars at work and play : collaboration and interaction in shared virtual environments

Sample text

As previously discussed, one assumption made by several researchers is that convincing behaviour is a higher priority than realistic appearance in the development of expressive avatars. We wished to test this assumption by investigating the impact of the (higher-fidelity) inferred-gaze model with the (lower-fidelity) random-gaze model on avatars whose appearance represented different levels of photorealism. The initial hypothesis was that behavioural realism would be independent in its effects on perceived quality of communication from the impact of visual realism, and that it would be of greater importance.

Their results from a 12-person evaluation are consistent with those from our first study, in that the inferred-gaze model results in more positive perceptions. The inferred-gaze agent significantly outperforms the visually identical random-gaze agent in terms of perceived interest, engagement, friendliness, and liveliness. However, it is not clear whether participants were engaged in two-way verbal communication with the agent, or whether they simply viewed the animations on a screen. In terms of eye gaze and photorealism, two studies by Fukayama et al.

Male and female avatars looking “at” and “away”. Drawing on this principle, “while speaking” and “while listening” eye animations were implemented based on timing and frequency information taken from face-to-face dyadic studies. Figure 2-5 shows the male and female avatars in “at” and “away” gaze. In order to assess the avatar’s impact on perceived quality of communication, a task was needed in which participants would be sensitive to visual feedback. It has been suggested [45, 39] that users benefit most from having visual feedback when performing equivocal tasks that have no single “correct” outcome but require negotiation.

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