By Michael Albertus
While and why do international locations redistribute land to the landless? What political reasons does land reform serve, and what position does it have in contemporary global? A longstanding literature relationship again to Aristotle and echoed in very important contemporary works holds that redistribution can be either greater and extra distinct on the terrible less than democracy. but entire historic facts to check this declare has been missing. This publication indicates that land redistribution - the main consequential type of redistribution within the constructing global - happens extra frequently less than dictatorship than democracy. It bargains a unique thought of land reform and develops a typology of land reform rules. Albertus leverages unique info spanning the area and relationship again to 1900 to greatly try the speculation utilizing statistical research and case reviews of key international locations comparable to Egypt, Peru, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. those findings demand rethinking a lot of the typical knowledge approximately redistribution and regimes.
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Extra info for Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform
None was from an oligarchic family. The two military officers – one of whom would later overturn a subsequent election in a coup – were a French-educated engineer and a captain who had attended the Escuela Militar de Venezuela. The two military officers were part of the larger UPM (led by thirteen members), which opposed Medina’s rule and wanted increased pay, better equipment, and more predictable promotions. The junta appointed a series of military and civilian cabinet officials who were equally socially varied.
India is perhaps the best example. Subnationally elected leaders did not play a considerable role in land reform initiation in Latin America during the period covered by this study. There is variation among democracies in terms of whether (and how many) top officials and bureaucrats in key agencies are appointed versus internally promoted. , Aberbach, Putnam, and Rockman 1981). 34 Autocracy and Redistribution players surrounding the executive that influence the decisions of whether and how to formulate a land reform program.
Democratic political elites are typically quite socially diverse. This is the result of relatively broad and open selection mechanisms and the nature of elections. By definition, the ability to contest elections under democracy is more open than it is under dictatorship. Politicians can and do arise not only from elite families but also from middle- and lower-class backgrounds. Furthermore, politicians are often elected from or affiliated with geographically distinct districts that vary in how urban they are, their level of development, their racial and ethnic composition, and many other dimensions.