Download Archetypes And Motifs In Folklore And Literature: A Handbook by Jane Garry;Hasan El-Shamy PDF

By Jane Garry;Hasan El-Shamy

This is often an authoritative presentation and dialogue of the main easy thematic components universally present in folklore and literature. The reference presents an in depth research of the most typical archetypes or motifs present in the folklore of chosen groups all over the world. each one access is written by way of a famous authority within the box, and contains accompanying reference citations. Entries are keyed to the Motif-Index of people Literature via Stith Thompson and grouped in accordance with that Index's scheme. The reference additionally comprises an introductory essay at the options of archetypes and motifs and the scholarship linked to them. this is often the one publication in English on motifs and topics that's thoroughly folklore orientated, bargains with motif numbers, and is tied to the Thompson Motif-Index. It contains in-depth exam of such motifs as: Bewitching; probability and destiny; selection of Roads; dying or Departure of the Gods; the Double; Ghosts and different Revenants; the Hero Cycle; trip to the Otherworld; Magic Invulnerability; Soothsayer; Transformation; Tricksters.

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The creator is distinguished by his well-determined will or volition. For instance, Atum was depicted as the “complete one” and “Universal God” because he created himself out of water by his own effort or will (Ions 1968, 40). In order to exercise his will on the universe, the creator must be omnipotent. The universe itself expresses the power, freedom, and wisdom of the creator. After the completion of his creative act, the deity often deserts his creatures and does not concern himself with them except in critical times of calamity.

1977. The Folktale. Berkeley: University of California Press. 24 MYTHOLOGICAL MOTIFS Creation Myth: Cosmogony and Cosmology Motifs A600–A899 As a primordial archetype, the myth of creation explains the origin of the universe, describing how the world and its animate and inanimate entities were created, and visible and invisible forces brought into being. It provides explanations of the total cosmos, including the primal order of the heavens and the earth, the entities therein, and the origins and hierarchies of human beings and their gods.

Archetypal examples of creators known for their wisdom are the Egyptian god Ptah, the Persian god Ahura Mazda, and the Hindu god Brahma. However, the creator is not just theoretically wise but is also practical and involved in the actual practices of creation. The creator is conceived of as a handyman, fashioner, molder, or maker. The Egyptian god Ptah, also known as the Divine Artificer, was depicted as a skilled engineer, stonemason, and metalworker. He was also patron of the fine arts (Ions 1968).

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