By Michael Gagarin
Gagarin demonstrates persuasively that Antiphon the logographer is the same with the Antiphon who made highbrow contributions on extra summary subject matters. --Mervin R. Dilts, Professor of Classics, big apple collage Antiphon used to be a fifth-century Athenian highbrow (ca. 480-411 BCE) who created the occupation of speechwriting whereas serving as an influential and hugely sought-out adviser to litigants within the Athenian courts. 3 of his speeches are preserved, including 3 units of Tetralogies (four hypothetical paired speeches), whose authenticity is usually doubted. Fragments additionally continue to exist of highbrow treatises on topics together with justice, legislations, and nature (physis), that are usually attributed to a separate Antiphon the Sophist. have been those Antiphons quite one and a similar person, endowed with a wide-ranging brain able to take on many of the different highbrow pursuits of his day? via an research of these kinds of writings, this e-book convincingly argues that they have been composed through a unmarried person, Antiphon the Athenian. Michael Gagarin units shut readings of person works inside of a much wider dialogue of the fifth-century Athenian highbrow weather and the philosophical ferment often called the sophistic circulation. this allows him to illustrate the general coherence of Antiphon's pursuits and writings and to teach how he used to be a pivotal determine among the sophists and the Attic orators of the fourth century. furthermore, Gagarin's argument permits us to re-evaluate the paintings of the sophists as an entire, that allows you to now be visible as basically attracted to emblems (speech, argument) and as precursors of fourth-century rhetoric, instead of of their traditional function as foils for Plato.
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Additional info for Antiphon the Athenian: Oratory, Law, and Justice in the Age of the Sophists
The pursuit of akribeia was sometimes seen as hairsplitting. Aristophanes parodies this in Clouds (740 – 42), when Socrates instructs his pupil to “slice your thought ﬁne (leptos) and contemplate the matter in detail (kata micron), dividing and examining it correctly,” and Plato parodies Prodicus for his overly ﬁne distinctions between synonyms (see above). In recognition of this popular attitude, the defendant in the Second Tetral- 51 Plato Cratylus 391c. We should resist the assumption of Diels-Kranz that for Protagoras, correctness meant only correctness of words (O’Sullivan 1992: 18 n.
63 Cf. 6 relativism and humanism 31 gies end with no verdict, and the opposing arguments in the Dissoi Logoi are juxtaposed without comment. The Sophists may have composed double logoi for many reasons—to shock, to entertain, to dazzle, to enlighten—but rarely to persuade. Indeed, the more sophisticated and intellectually interesting argument may for that very reason be the less persuasive, as perhaps in the Second Tetralogy. Even a single speech like Helen seems intended less to persuade others of Helen’s innocence (for which purpose other arguments would have been more effective) than to display Gorgias’s skills—a stylistic and argumentative tour de force.
Since Phrynichus was another leader of the coup in 411, this Antiphon is almost certainly the Rhamnusian. Other comic poets, according to late sources, attacked Antiphon for “being clever (deinos) in forensic cases and for selling for a high price speeches that run counter to justice” (Philostratus Vitae Sophistarum 499), and for “love of money” (philargyria, [Plutarch] Moralia 833c). These comic allusions, relatively small in number, indicate that Antiphon was known to the public but perhaps was not prominent in public life.