By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki
First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches by way of the Institute of African experiences (now the Institute of monetary and Social examine) in 1977, this is often the second one in a chain of person guides on Zambian languages and grammar. The purpose of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which grew to become relatively in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian executive to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guideline. This quantity presents a grammatical caricature of Lozi, a language with regards to the Sotho language workforce, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it really is spoken at the important Barotse undeniable to the north and south of Mongu and on both sides of the Zambezi river, all of the method to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The learn presents a finished survey of all of the significant grammatical positive aspects of the language.
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Extra resources for An outline of Silozi grammar
S. litapi bye-bì-beli (l) (fish) (3) (10) The adjectives indicating coloür havecomplexforÍns with sufEx /-ondl rvhen appliedto femaleanimals. g. cp. te-sva a ye-r$u (a black fernaleone) (9) vtz. komu (cow) (9) (a black male one) (9) yiz. ko ü (cow) (9) The construction adjectil€ stem + lattal is accompaniedby a number of mofphophonemicchanges(cp. Jalla, 1937,p. 2l\. 'E INFLECTED STEMS Constructionalpattern: relativeprefix (2) + Íelative stem The relâtive stemsin questionh€remay be inflected principally or relatively by the addition ofthe correct inflecting persoÍ or classaffix.
Ri cp. 9) FuÍther,the adjectivalpreftxesofclasses 16 and 18 are not use4 that ofclass l? g. g. üalirnabi (bad luck) cp. mali amaswe (bad blood) adjectivesare used only in an inflected foÍrÌ! g. yomunde (one who is pleasant(a relative inflectedadj€ctive)) The relative class affixes wbich infle€t adjectiv€sare called seÌies(l) and they arc the same in fc'rm as the demonshativ€slst position save in the cas€sof 3, 16and 17. classes The following table of forms illustÌates the forms of dìe relâtive class affixes andthe adjectivalprefix€sâs usedwith the adjectivestem/-ndel (nicg good).
Nuflí-Jìli (trouble) (3) kacirna-cima (irritablen€ss) (12) síco seosinlnúlïnatí (that food is very pleasant) (3) Nominal Conttructioni baJed on Verb RadicalÍ the prefl\ appearsto combinewiú terminalvowelsto In lheseconstÍuctions formoneconstituenltheverbmdicalsbeingúe other. muJim-i (farmer) bu-pil-o (health) 0) (14) cp. -lim- (cultivate) cp. g. le (hândbell) cp. ngele (ringing) sikwakwakwa (machinegun) cP. l a (report of gun) Nominal ConJtructiont of, Clatt la with prefixal formatives/Ë/ (often masculine)and/ra-l (oft€n feÍninine) ar€ commonin the dictionary.