By Professor of Jewish Studies Martin Goodman, George H Kooten, J T a G M Ruiten
Jews, Christians and Muslims describe their origins with shut connection with the narrative of Abraham, together with the advanced tale of Abraham's relation to Hagar. This quantity sketches the heritage of interpretation of a few of the foremost passages during this narrative, no longer least the verses which kingdom that during Abraham all of the countries of the earth might be blessed. This passage, which positive factors prominently in Christian historiography, is essentially passed over in old Judaism, prompting the query how the relation among Abraham and the countries was once perceived in Jewish assets. This concentration is supplemented with the query how Islamic historiography pertains to the Abraham narrative, and specifically to the descent of the Arabs from Abraham via Ishmael and Hagar. In learning the conventional readings of those narratives, the quantity deals a close but wide-ranging research of significant points of the bills in their origins which emerged in the 3 Abrahamic religions.
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Jews, Christians and Muslims describe their origins with shut connection with the narrative of Abraham, together with the complicated tale of Abraham's relation to Hagar. This quantity sketches the historical past of interpretation of a few of the foremost passages during this narrative, no longer least the verses which nation that during Abraham all of the countries of the earth may be blessed.
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Extra info for Abraham, the Nations, and the Hagarites: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Perspectives on Kinship With Abraham (Themes in Biblical Narrative)
In Mic : Abraham is a point of reference for the divine oath and “the days of old” and at the same time the representative of his descendants through an enigmatic use of the name. Apart from Ezek :–, the prophetic texts that mention Abraham do so in a positive way: Abraham is Yhwh’s servant, he loved Yhwh and is redeemed by Yhwh, and Abraham and Sarah are the real ancestors of Israel. In Isa Abraham’s face is changed. Now he is the ancestor who does not wish to know his offspring and he is described as a Levite, obeying Yhwh’s word and covenant.
Abraham is claimed for this small group and Yhwh refutes the claim in the context of a judgement oracle. In the oracle of salvation, Isa :–, vv. – give Abraham a special status: he is said to love Yhwh. Corporate Israel is not only the offspring of Jacob, but also of Yhwh’s servant Abraham. Isaiah : stresses the role of Abraham and Sarah as the ancestors of the exiles. The matriarch bears the new Israel, with a focus on blessing and the multitude of the offspring. Isaiah : heightens the relationship between Yhwh and Abraham theologically.
Lemaire; VTSup ; Leiden ), –, has once again pointed out that Gen :– presupposes the priestly çøú úãìåú (“the genealogies of Terah”). L. W. Brekelmans (ed. M. Vervenne and J. Lust; BETL ; Leuven ), , , he decides that :–a is a later interpolation added to the related :–; :b– and argues against the proposal that :– was written as an introductory passage to :–a. 6 For an overview of the history of research from Wellhausen to Alt, see H. Weidmann, Die Patriarchen und ihre Religion im Licht der Forschung seit Julius Wellhausen (FRLANT ; Göttingen ).