Download A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of by Mircea Eliade PDF

By Mircea Eliade

This quantity completes the immensely discovered three-volume A background of non secular rules. Eliade examines the stream of Jewish proposal out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean quarter and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th throughout the 17th centuries. Eliade's significant wisdom of earlier and current scholarship presents a synthesis that's extraordinary. as well as reviewing fresh interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and exhibits their carrying on with mutual effect to be refined yet unmistakable.

As in his past paintings, Eliade will pay specific consciousness to heresies, folks ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, reminiscent of alchemy and sorcery, and keeps the dialogue, all started in past volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he continues, are as vital because the better-known orthodoxies to a whole knowing of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

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2 But, as is evident, these beneficial consequences of the Christianization of the Empire eluded certain con1. Hugh Trevor-Roper, The Rise of Christian Europe, p. 33. 2. "Who can even guess what would have happened to the world, or to Christianity, if the Roman Empire had not become Christian, or if Constantinople had not preserved Roman law and Greek culture during the years of the barbarian and the Muslim conquest? The rediscovery of Roman law in the twelfth century marked an important stage in the revival of Europe.

26 THE RELIGIONS OF ANCIENT EURASIA tianity, the same theonym was used to designate the God of the Bible. In Lettish religious folklore, Dievs, the father of the divine family, lives on his farm on a mountain in Heaven. He visits the earth, however, and participates iIi the work of the farmers and in the seasonal festivals which are consecrated to him. Dievs has instituted order in the world and it is he who determines the destiny of men and watches over their moral life. 52 However, Dievs is neither the supreme god nor the most important divinity.

This happened before 210. 44 THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHES persecution of Decius in 250, he was imprisoned; and he died after being tortured in 254. With Origen, Neoplatonism definitively inseminates Christian thought. Origen's theological system is a construction of genius which has much influenced later generations. But as we shall see, certain speculations, the most audacious ones, were susceptible to malicious interpretations.

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